Environmental Issue & Sick Building Syndrome Blog

There are several testing methods used for diagnosing mold issues. As in all things in the world, there are advantages and disadvantage to each type of testing.  That means that each type of testing is useful in its own way….and often not appropriate for other applications. 

                ERMI (Environmental Relative Moldiness Index) is one test that is not often used or understood. ERMI is the product of the modern miracle of DNA technology. The EPA owns the patent on the process and limits its use to approved labs.  The EPA also states that their approval of the technology is only “experimental.”

However, there are many studies and anecdotal evidence of the benefit of the test results for patients with CIRS (Chronic Inflammatory Respiratory Disease) There are also some very interesting, but limited studies that high ERMI scores correlate with high lactate in the brain. High lactate correlates with cognitive problems. It may be that identifying high ERMI score conditions may be useful in treating some diseases. These are still very preliminary studies and require more research. 

                   Let’s do the Pros and Cons before we talk about how this technology works.

Pro:

ERMI can give very targeted specific specialization for target molds that can have an influence on health

ERMI can give evidence of the historic (new or old mold contaminations) mold conditions in a building.

Historic evidence of long term exposure vs short term exposure can be useful for medical practitioners     

 Con:

ERMI does not quantify mold, it only identifies the 36 species of targeted molds

ERMI Originally specified old carpet that was not regularly cleaned to provide the source of dust to give that historic record. Now any dust from the home is acceptable. The age of dust is hard to know.  

ERMI is still an evolving science in terms of correlation of ERMI results and health implications

ERMI does not help to isolate the source of the mold contamination to aid in any required remediation

Overview of the process

                A sample of dust is taken using a specialized dirt trap. The dirt/dust/debris is to be collected by using a vacuum cleaner hooked up to a specialized air filter. An alternative system is a smaller cassette and a standard air sampling pump. The sample is supposed to be drawn from a roughly 2 square yard carpet area in either a living room or bedroom.   

                The sample is sent to an EPA licensed lab. The lab takes the dust from the dirt trap and puts it through a filter to isolate the small, mold size particles.  (Think spaghetti in a strainer, only microscopic in size)

                Those particles are put into a tube with a known amount of Geotrichum candidum

and the DNA is beat out of the mold spores with microscopic beads called “bead pellets.” That mush is then filtered and the sifted genetic stuff is mixed with a buffer solution. It is then dumped into a solution called “Master Mix” and put through a series of temperature controlled reactions.               

                If you are wondering the technical name for the magic chemistry we are doing, it is MSQPCR

Mold Specific Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction 

                Now remember that known quantity of Geotrichum candidum that was in the mix? That is the reference basis that can be used to compare the assays (checking process) for each of the target molds (molds that they are looking for).  The checking process is done with a “Sequence Detector” (which is identifying DNA sequences) 

                Once the 36 target molds are identified, the 26 in the WDB (Water Damage Building) group are measured and are compared to the common or outdoor group of 10 molds. 

The reason for the look at the ratio of the two is that the exact quantity of each mold is not determined by this test. That is the result of several factors. Our size of sample could be small or big, based upon the amount of dirt we swept up.  We can’t figure out by counting pieces of DNA if there is a little or a lot of mold in the building. You get the point. We do not know how much mold is in the building from an ERMI test.

What we do know is that if most of the mold DNA is the outdoor molds, then there is less mold growing in the house. If there is a whole bunch more of the indoor mold than the exterior, oops, there is a lot more mold growing IN the house than coming in from the OUTSIDE.  

                Scoring is done on a scale of -10 to 20.  The higher the number, the more mold that is from growing inside the house in the tested building area.  That ERMI Score number is a “sort of number,” not an exact measure. It is based on a limited number of tests from a limited geographic area. Hence reference to it as a “Relative Score.”

That folks, is what this ERMI and HERTSMI testing is about. It is amazing technology, but has a very limited application. It can’t quantify mold contaminations or the success of any remediation efforts. According to the EPA, ERMI is an “emerging technology”.
Posted by Dan Howard on April 21st, 2019 9:49 PM

 

Let's imagine that you are the child with a deadly reaction to peanuts, but don’t realize it.

 One solution is to provide you with an EpiPen to inject you every time your turn blue and can’t breathe. Another solution is to figure out that it is the peanuts that almost kill you and then stop eating them. It’s pretty easy to understand that avoiding the peanuts is a better plan. The challenge we face is that we first need to know that you're allergic to the peanuts. This is the start of our pathway to environmental health.

The fundamental problem in exploring causes of environmental illnesses is that those reactions occur in time delay.  Our minds are trained to understand that it hurts if we hit our thumb with a hammer, and we should stop doing it. Environmental exposures are cumulative and in” time delay” often complicated in combinations of exposures and locations.   

The first step to wellness is to identify the cause of the illness. Functional medicine practitioners have the approach of looking for the cause of the environmental reaction. Modern medicine has developed blood, and urine tests that can identify the source of the illness.  Underlying diseases such as Lyme disease, childhood diseases and occupational exposures also need explored as they can combine with environmental triggers to intensify an illness or delay recovery.  

The next step is identifying the exposure that is making the client ill. Common environmental exposures include mold, household chemicals, pesticides, chemicals used in hobbies, illegal drugs, HVAC defects, sewer backups, tainted water, air pollutants, off gassing construction materials and allergens.  Many of these exposures can only be identified through testing. Identifying possible sources and the proper testing methods is where the environmental inspector comes in handy.

This investigative process involves developing a list of potential exposures and then looking at how these exposures match with testing by the Functional Medical practitioner.

  Once they are identified, the sources of the illness need to be avoided. Removing the sources of environmental triggers is another difficult part of the puzzle. The environmental consultant should, wherever possible, provide a plan or options to avoid the exposure that is making people ill.  

Modern medical science is developed treatments to remove toxins from the environmentally ill patient. The challenge is that each of us is a unique individual. We are complex organic machines. Treatments that work with some of us will not work with others. Removing toxins from the miraculous and complex human body usually takes time and sometimes multiple approaches. The good news is that if we avoid toxic environmental exposures, the body tries to help heal itself.

Modern man has developed an endless stream of new products and chemicals in the name of making life better, easier or more convenient. It doesn't always work that way. There are defects in manufacture and in some instances reckless behaviors that expose innocent people to toxic health risks. When this happens, it is devastating to the lives that are touched.  Sadly, the people who are environmentally ill are often accused of psychological problems or not helped in a way that can restore their health, their health and the lives of their friends and family.

For a full article as published   Click here for a PDF copy of the full article

Posted by Dan Howard on March 2nd, 2019 5:05 PM


             Imagine getting up each day feeling absolutely terrible. You dread facing another day.  You're unable to think clearly or plan your day. You have an overwhelming guilt that you're a terrible burden on those around you. A feeling of helplessness washes over you because you're unable to find your way out of this sickness.  You've been tested for all types of illnesses that nobody would ever want to have but you believe that even a dreaded diagnosis would be better than not knowing what has robbed you of a normal life. This is the life of an environmentally ill person..

                 We have accepted and understand that our diet affects our health. Billions of dollars are spent on ads to influence what we eat. We often don’t realize and understand that what we breathe, absorb through our skin or drink from a faucet or bottle can have a devastating effect on health. We don’t consider that for some people, our homes, schools, workplaces, drinking water or parks are toxic.   

                  Environmental illness is a terrible burden on those that suffer from it and their loved ones.  As a building scientist, I hear about this day after day. Like most professionals dealing with environmental illness, my involvement is because I've seen it first-hand.  I watched my father slowly suffocate to death because of his asbestos exposure. He sprayed the stuff to make buildings fire safe for others, not to have his lungs fill with cancer. Surprise!    

What is Environmental Illness?

              There are common symptoms with environmental diseases. There's often brain fog, numbness or pain, bowel issues, fibromyalgia, skin problems, missing hair, skin rashes, lethargy and confusion   Many have taken an endless list of prescription drugs designed to alleviate symptoms. Those prescriptions had side effects that create new symptoms. When those symptoms were treated with new treatments, more of the above symptoms occurred.   There's also the financial burdens and the emotional roller coaster of raised and then dashed hopes. Stress makes the symptoms even worse.  

             People with environmental illness have more than symptoms in common. Most have already visited many physicians. Some have been told that they have an “idiopathic disease” which is medical speak for “you have a set of symptoms that are similar to an illness, but we don’t know why or even if it is really true.” Others have been told that they must be imagining the illness. Almost all have their hopes of wellness dashed time and time again.  

                Often the biggest stress and challenge that the environmentally ill face is their friends or family members don't understand or believe that the illness is real. We know and accept that there are children who can eat a single peanut and go into anaphylactic shock. We understand that there are people that can react badly to the lifesaving drug penicillin. Despite this, some people can't understand how one person in a home could react to environmental problems while the others are still healthy.

Posted by Dan Howard on February 22nd, 2019 9:37 PM

If you are like many of us, the addition of another term in the medical field can just be babble and one more thing in a confusing, but major part of our lives. Over 20% of the US economy is dedicated to health care.

The place to start the discussion is to answer the question: Why does Functional Medicine matter? The answer lies with the fact that chronic disease (diseases that linger in our lives) has become more and more prevalent. Auto-immune disease, Asthma, diabetes, arthritis, cancer, COPD are some examples of chronic disease.

The traditional treatment of patients is geared for treating problems such as infections, heart attacks, broken bones, and other afflictions that can be corrected with a heroic swoop down and medical intervention (often a medical miracle) to correct the specific problem.

Functional Medicine Practitioners address the whole person using systems to work in partnership with the patient for the best long term health outcome.

If you are like me, your first reaction to that sentence would be of course, isn’t that what everybody does? That is because it makes sense when we hear that said. The traditional model is disease centered. In other words, if you get sick, the isolated set of symptoms are treated as a single point of concern.

The Functional Medicine Practitioners spend time with patients, consider their histories and look at possible interactions and the influence of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors that affect the long-term health of the patient. This is a much more personalized or holistic approach to medicine and

When the general health of a person is managed, the chronic conditions are better managed and acute episodes are reduced and quality of life is improved. Additionally, proactive and predictive management of health improves overall quality of life. It gives patients the personal power to improve their own health.

We are fans of Functional Medicine for good reason. This type of practice usually improves the health and well-being of patients. We have seen this happen as we work on the environmental with many of these practitioners.

When the Functional Medicine Practitioner is concerned about the environmental conditions affecting a patient’s health, we test and report the finding to the practitioner. We are experienced at providing the proper testing and results for the evaluation of the medical provider.

The role we play in the Functional Medicine puzzle is identifying and solving the environmental issues that affect both long term and short term health

Posted by Dan Howard on January 5th, 2019 8:40 PM

 

Click Here for a .PDF copy of this article News Years Resolution for Your Home.pdf 

            We look to the New Year for a fresh start and better times. Why not include our homes in that time of renewal ?

            What catches us off guard is that things often wear out a little at a time. The extension cords rubs a little, moves a little and three years later has bare exposed wires that can start a fire. That process happens with every part of our home.          

Make your Home a Safer Place

            Everyone knows to install and regularly check the smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. It is important enough that it needs said again.

            Walk through your home and check for water leaks and mold. These can sneak up on any homeowner. That tiny leak can cause a big mold problem over time. The earlier leaks are found , the less damage they cause and  the easier they are to correct.  

            Have the radon checked in your home.  Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer and South Western PA  area has over a 50% failure rate.


           
Check your clothes dryer vent for blockage. Blocked vents can also cause the dryer heater component to overheat and fail. At best a lint blockage in the dryer vent can cost you a couple of hundred dollars in appliance repairs. On the hand, dryer vent pipe blockage is a leading cause of fires and carbon monoxide in the home.

            We live in a world of chemicals. Some to clean, some to make things smell, some to make things work better and others  to make our homes look pretty. Many of the chemicals can make some of us very ill.  

            Check the bottles and cans in cleaning closets for leakage. Remove chemicals such as pesticides, paint thinner and gasoline from inside of your home and garage. Storage in an exterior yard shed is a safe alternative.           

            Have your furnace cleaned and serviced each year. Hire a furnace company that also checks for carbon monoxide and natural gas leaks.  

            If you have and use a fireplace, have the chimney cleaned and checked each year before use. Check every heating appliance for safety, especially the portable heaters.   

            Consider having  a home inspection. We usually only consider these when purchasing a home, but having a home checked for safety by a professional can be a good thing while you are still living there. It also could be a great gift for a senior or other family member not able to keep up with their home maintenance. 

            There are over 200 million appliances that have been recalled.  Check for recalls to avoid fires or save major appliance repair or replacement. You can check www.CPSC.gov  or use a fee based data base entry service  to list and automatically recheck your appliances each month such as:  http://www.appliancerecallcheck.com/           

Prepare a Plan for Disaster

            A natural disaster or serious world event could leave us unable to pick up our cell phone and find our families.  Massive power or communication failures are no longer only a possibility in science fiction. These failures have become a possible means of terrorism.   

            It takes moments to plan locations for a family to meet if communication systems fail. There should be a local place and one outside of the area. It could be a landmark or the home of a relative. It takes moments to discuss and decide where to meet if things go terribly awry.     

            Create an Emergency Kit.  Food, fuel and light are critical for survival. Take a moment and consider all of the items that will not work without power and create an alternate plan. The best resource for creating emergency kits is www.Ready.gov.  They have many sample lists designed for a wide range of needs such as families, seniors, businesses and many other groups.  

            Without electricity, the Automatic Teller Machine will not spit out money into your hand no matter how much money is in your account or how many times you ask. Keep some cash on hand in a safe place.  

            Take a pictures or a video  of your home's furnishings and its contents.  It is a reality  that disasters can occur in any home, even yours. It could be a fire, flood or major theft, but each of these disasters require documentation of the home and its contents for insurance recovery.        

            Once you have the pictures or video of your home, store a copy of that information "off site." You can upload them to a cloud service or simply hand a digital copy to a close friend or relative. The object here is to avoid is losing your backup pictures in the disaster they were taken for recovery.     

Improve Your Home's Environment

            These suggestions will make you feel better in your home. It is your castle and should be the very best it can be. Ironically, your castle should be a lot more comfortable than a real castle.     

            Take  a couple of weekends and pick from the list of chores that can make your home healthier and more pleasant.

  • Streamline and de-clutter
  • Install "daylight" type light bulbs
  • Give away unused "stuff"
  • Clean the rubber gasket at the door of front loading clothes washers
  • Replace appliance filters
  • Run a dehumidifier in damp areas
  • Ventilate bathrooms, kitchens, attics and basements
  • Identify and remove things with bad odors

            As a final suggestion, walk through and look at what is inside of  your home. We are talking about your pictures, furnishings, clothes or even paint colors.  If what you see conjures up bad memories or feelings:  get rid of it ! If you notice something that is hidden away that makes you feel good, get it out where you can see it. Now!  That can be a wonderful New Years gift to yourself.  

Posted by Dan Howard on December 30th, 2018 9:11 PM

Imagine that you want to clean up your kitchen. You see the food particles, grease and other remnants of meal preparation and know there are germs on the surfaces. Instead of first wiping up the food, you take out a can of Lysol Spray. The can label says, “Lysol Spray Cleans 99.9% of Viruses and Bacteria.”  You spray all the surfaces and decide you now have a clean kitchen, despite the yucky stuff on your table and counter. That is a disgusting thought and ignores the fact that germs live inside of that biological soup you did not clean up. That is precisely what happens when you have a mold treatment that is a come and spray you home without first cleaning the surfaces by wiping surfaces, replacing damaged materials or HEPA vacuuming contaminated surfaces. There are MANY mold remediators that take such an approach.

Here it is.......if you spray but do not clean first the mold is more likely to come back. The other important factor is changing the mold conducive moisture conditions or the mold will grow again. 
Do not fall for the quick spray job .....................It may be less expensive in the short run, but returning mold can damage your health and your home....and cost you having the job done again....at MUCH MORE COST 






 
  
Posted by Dan Howard on December 27th, 2018 9:10 PM

Just as the song says, “Christmas is the Most Wonderful Time of the Year.” The season is full of bright lights, excited children and time with friends and relatives.

We love the sounds and smells of the holiday season as they bring back memories of past holidays. That is unless………. the smells are not fond memories, but more like:  Merry Christmas and please pass the antihistamine or inhaler---‘tis the season for asthma and allergies.

Too soon the excitement of this Christmas will be over and we will be packing and tucking away all of those special decorations and treasures to wait for another year. How we do that packing and where we store those treasures can affect our health next year.


Why Allergies and Asthma Spike During Holidays

Click here to Download a copy of Bringing A Fresh Air to Christmas.pdf

Stored holiday items can be a source of mold growth. Fiberglass and other insulation particles, dust and mold from storage areas and other allergens can get on and into improperly stored items. Even tightly sealed boxes can attract mice and insects, each contributing to the allergen and germ categories.

There has been an increase in the number of people affected with asthma and allergies spiking during the holidays. Obviously, Christmas comes at a time of year when homes are most likely to be closed up to protect from winter weather. Adding to that factor, we have tighter constructed homes with better windows, caulking and insulation resulting in less fresh air. Many homes are built with wet crawl spaces and improper venting systems. With tighter construction practices, attic and basement storage areas are often full of mold.  

Fortunately, the suffering from Christmas allergies can be avoided with a few tips on proper storage and care of holiday trees and decorations.

Storage and Allergen Prevention Tips

  • Start by selecting moisture and dirt free areas for holiday decoration storage.

  • Every year I receive calls from homeowners that actually discover mold in their storage areas when they take the decorations out for the holiday. Take a look around for mold, allergens, rodent feces and other contaminants before packing the holiday away. It is easier to see what is happening while the storage area is not stuffed full of stored treasures.

     

  • If your holiday items are covered with mold and dust this year, change the conditions in the storage area before putting the items back again. Mold growing in the storage areas will affect the air quality in the main home all year around.

     

  • Clean stored items with a damp cloth before storage. Dirt supports the growth of mold and is an allergen.

     

  • Store trees, decorations and other materials in plastic bins, or wrap in plastic bags, not cardboard. Cardboard holds moisture and is a food source for mold.

     

  • Control humidity in storage areas. Dehumidify basement storage area and install roof fans controlled with humidistat in attics.

     

    Tips for Taking Out Decorations Next Year

    “Things happen” in the life of a house. When we change windows, furnaces, add insulation or have leaks from roofs, plumbing, floods and a host of other “events” mold can occur where it never was found before. It may seem a little early for us to consider what to do when we pull things out of storage next year...but…while we are on the subject…here are a few tips:

     

  • If the stored items from the prior year are already covered with mold and dust, place them in plastic bags or bins before carrying them through the house. Dragging mold and other allergens through the house can spread them through the house.

     

  • Once out of storage, take the contaminated items outside the home or into a garage to unpack and then clean them.

     

  • Treat rodent and other feces as the potential serious health issue it is. Do not breathe or spread the dust. Wash everything that it contacts with a good disinfectant.

     

  • Fresh cut trees or stored items can have dust blown off them using a leaf blower or they be can be hosed down with water before you bring them into the house next year. If you use a leaf blower, wear a mask. Either method can remove mold, dust, and some of the lead dust usually found on artificial trees and decorations.

     

  • Discard contaminated packing and bring the cleaned items into the home.

     

  • Do not spray materials with pesticide. The poisons designed to kill bugs will damage people’s health. Plain soap and water will safely and effectively remove insect and rodent contamination.

Other Healthy Indoor Air Tips

Given a choice, it is better to place trees and decorations over areas of hard surface floors as opposed to carpet. These floors are easier to clean and hold fewer allergens.

The use of a quality air cleaner such as a HEPA filter can provide immediate indoor air improvement by removing the circulating allergens. Sweeping with HEPA filter vacuum sweepers as opposed to bag sweepers and using Swiffer type mops are better than bristle brooms for avoiding putting allergens into the air.

We want our homes to smell like Christmas. Many of those “plug in” scents contain synthetic esters and formaldehyde. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology states that: “We know that asthmatics are clearly sensitive to odors and fumes; therefore, it would not be unexpected that air fresheners could trigger asthmatic episodes.”  Bake a pie or use potpourri in a warming pot as an alternative to the artificial scents.

A healthy home is a wonderful gift. With a little planning and prevention, we can take a deep breath and enjoy the season.   
 

Posted by Dan Howard on December 22nd, 2018 8:17 PM




               Most of us have heard of “Duct Cleaning Services”. The goal of this service is to stop the spread of the dirt and debris from the ductwork into the air we breathe. By debris we include mold spores, dust mites, pollen, pet allergens. house dust, and a host of other particles. These “airborne chunks” can affect respiratory health, induce allergies and are disgusting to know that we are breathing. Cleaning ductwork is an essential part of a healthy indoor air environment that is recommended after most mold remediation jobs and for respiratory health patients.

                There are many choices in the duct cleaning service industry and a wide range of price points and quality of workmanship. Most people do like to save money, but also want the job to be done correctly.

               There are companies that will come bid about $200 or even less. They will do the job in an hour or two but are not doing the work properly. As with many services, it takes time, proper training and equipment to do the job correctly.  

               The typical cost of a quality duct cleaning job in a 3-bedroom average size home is usually in the $500 to $800 range depending upon the amount of ductwork and the way it is laid out. This is an important job that should be done correctly. A “once over and not look back” budget coupon job is not worth the money no matter how low the price.

So How is a Consumer to Know if They are Getting a Good Job?

             Great question! Let’s talk about how the job should be properly preformed. My previous understanding of the process was through literature and technical videos. To get a better understanding of the process, I asked Mold Medics of Greater Pittsburgh to allow me to go on a job with them and watch the actual work being done. 

           The air duct registers should be removed and cleaned. The ductwork sections closest to the register is then swept out with a HEPA vacuum. There are usually large chunks of fallen dirt and debris from original construction and the regular sweeping of floors in the ductwork near registers.

             It is best to vacuum out the dirt near the registers out of the ductwork rather than pushing it through the rest of the ductwork. After sweeping out the ductwork close to the registers, the openings in the registers are covered with a plastic film to create a seal. This is done to maximize the suction on the individual section of the ductwork lines as it is cleaned.

The Proper Equipment and Workmanship is Critical to Having the Duct Cleaning Job Done Right.

           There should be a massive vacuum machine to suction dirt. By massive I mean about six feet tall and a couple of feet in diameter. It can set in a service truck or be wheeled into the home. Most technicians will bring the machine into the home for optimal suction. The 6” or larger suction hose is attached first to the return air system after cutting a hole in the ductwork. The is also a separate air compressor to push the dirt down the ductwork into the suction machine.

             One by one, each duct has the temporary plastic cover removed from the opening where the register was removed.  The surfaces of the ductwork are agitated with a spinning “whip” made of plastic ribbons mounted on a flexible pipe.  That whip hose also supplies the compressed air to loosen the dirt. This compressed air is pushing the dirt down the length of the duct while the vacuum equipment is sucking in that dirt and debris from where the suction pipe is attached near the furnace.

                Once all the individual ductwork runs to the rooms have been cleaned, it is time to clean the main horizontal runs. These main ducts are usually on the ceiling of the basement or along the joists of the attic depending on where the furnace is located.

                Cleaning these longer horizontal runs requires cutting a one-inch round access holes every few feet. The combination whip and compressed air hose is inserted into the end of the ductwork most distant from the furnace. Each duct is cleaned, and the dirt pushed toward the furnace area section by section. The access holes in the ductwork are then filled with plastic caps once that process of pushing the dirt and debris toward the furnace is complete. 

             High quality suction and compressor equipment is needed to move the dirt from the ductwork to the massive collection bag in the suction machine. To the contrary, low quality equipment can loosen the debris in the ductwork and unfortunately result in increased levels of the dirt and debris in the air from the ductwork.

             The cleaning ductwork process leaves us with dirt in the furnace main return air duct, plenum, furnace blower and air conditioner A-coil.

             No job is done until the holes cut in ductwork are filled, the registers are back in place and the tools and equipment are out of the home.

Poor Quality Duct Cleaning Jobs are More Common than You Might Think

           I often check the condition of the blower, return air and other components of the furnace during an environmental assessment.  When I check these in a building where a duct cleaning job has already been completed, more that 50% of those cleaning jobs still have heavy levels of dirt and debris in these areas. Some of the A-coils have even been covered in mold growth after a “duct cleaning.” I have also removed registers and reached down the ductwork and been able to pick up pieces of dirt after a cleaning. This is disgusting for me and disheartening for the people who paid to have their ducts cleaned.

            The bottom line is the same as in any construction service. Hire quality companies that have well trained technicians, charge a fair price and properly perform all the steps in the project. A job poorly done is not a bargain, especially when a bad bargain job affects the health of people we care about.
Posted by Dan Howard on October 27th, 2018 8:51 PM


          Lead dust or lead in drinking water can easily rob a child of 10 IQ points, or be the cause of behavior problems. These problems last a lifetime and there is no remedy or cure, only prevention.

          The damage done to a child is damage done to all of us. We need to be responsible to avoid lead hazards. For an article I wrote about what you can do about lead in the home, got to http://www.envirospect.com/Lead

 

Health Effects of Lead in Children According to the EPA

Damage to the brain and nervous system

Behavior and hearing problems

Lowering of IQ

Slow physical growth

Anemia 

 

Health Effects of Lead in Adults According to the EPA

Nervous system effects

Cardiovascular effects

Decreased kidney function

Reproductive problems

Miscarriage and premature birth in women

Keeping Your Home Lead Safe

  • Keep all surfaces well painted. HUD suggests no more than 1 square inch of peeling paint
  • Repair the causes of peeling paint such as leaks promptly
  • Keep the home dust free
  • Wet mop wood floors that may contain lead
  • Wet wipe friction areas such as where windows and doors rub
  • Do not use steel wool or friction pads on surfaces that may contain lead
  • Run water for 30 seconds before using for drinking or food preparation to reduce lead in lines
  • Use only cold water to prepare foods
  • Teach children to wash hands and remove shoes after playing outside
  • Use lead safe procedures for hobbies that use lead such as ceramics, stained glass, fish lures.
  • Do not use sweepers with beater bars of mops with scrubber strips on finishes that contain lead
  • Do not shake or beat carpets in homes that may contain lead dust.

Testing for lead

Physicians can test for lead in blood. This is a simple test that should be conducted if there is any possibility that lead exposure could occur in the home, school, daycare or any other place a child may spend time.   

Surfaces can be tested for lead using 3M Lead Check Swabs. These EPA approved tests determine of lead is on the surface of tested finishes and are available from 3M directly or other retail outlets. Call 800-949-3552 or go to www.leadcheck.com/contactus to order  

Layers of paint can be tested using EPA approved D-Lead test systems. These tests use a punch tool and allow testing of all of the layers of paint at a location. These can be used for applying the EPA RRP rule. Locate a distributor at www.esca-tech.com or call 414-962-3006

XRF standing for X-Ray Fluorescence is a HUD approved methodology that would only be available from a highly trained and licensed lead assessment professional.




Posted in:Lead Poisoning and tagged: LeadEPApoisioning
Posted by Dan Howard on October 19th, 2018 8:03 PM

We are only a few days into fall, but Mother Nature’s change of our environment is just around the corner. Fall is the time to get the winter preparation done. The sad news is that even if your personal preparation for cold weather is packing the car and heading south, your home still needs preparation for freezing weather. 

The First Step is to Assemble Your “Cold Weather Team.”

One of the first members of the team should be a good furnace company that will service “no heat” calls for their regular customers. The most important part of that sentence is the “regular customer” part. You do not want your first contact with a furnace company to begin with the sentence: ”You don’t know me, but I don’t have any heat.”  The story here is to call a reputable company, have them service the furnace for winter and become a part of their customer list. Your bonus is that with proper service and adjustment fuel costs go down and the safety and life expectancy of a furnace go up.

If you have a fireplace you plan to use, have it cleaned and checked with a camera system before you use it.  There will be house fires started with fireplace use and you do not want the picture of your burning home to be on the 11:00 PM News.

 

Find a “house buddy” for your Cold Weather Team.  This can be friend, relative or neighbor. This is a simple concept. You are away from home on a winter vacation, the power goes off.  You want your house looked in on.  You call your house buddy and they make sure everything is Okey dokey, or they call in the cavalry, whichever is appropriate. You do the same for them. With today’s digital doorknobs, you don’t even need to swap keys. The door combination is all that is needed.       

Set Up a Winter Emergency Kit

You know the basics. Purchase enough bottled water to last a couple of days. At the same time pick up some non-perishable food. If it is canned, add a can opener to the kit.

Most of the old winter preparation lists suggest candles and matches. Modern technology has made that an unnecessary fire risk. We own a fair number of the LED lanterns and flashlights for emergencies.  As a bonus, the LED lights last longer than candles.

Have a method ready to check what is going on in the world. A backup battery unit to recharge your cellphone in a power outage is essential.  Facebook and other social media on your smart phone can be a life saver. The unit I use can recharge my cellphone 3 times.  Even if I never need it in a natural disaster, it is great for a day at the airport.        

Check Your Winter Weather Safety Early Warning System

Install smoke detectors in every level of your home and in each bedroom. If you have any fossil fuel appliances, have carbon monoxide detectors in the home. Test each device for operation and install fresh batteries before winter.

If you have crawl spaces or are away from home for vacation, consider a freeze alarm that can call your cell phone and warn you before your house freezes.        

Take a Long Hard Look at Attachment Issues

I am not referring to any emotional ties. You are used to “cleaning gutters” being on the winter preparation list. What you need to add is checking that the gutters and downspouts are tightly secured to the home. Ice loaded gutters can cause injury or damage when they fall.

At the same time as you are checking your gutters to see if they are secure, check decks and porches for proper attachment to the house.  In the course of inspecting homes, I can tell you that I often found loose gutters, porches and decks.  

Check your trees near your house and power lines. A falling tree or even a tree limb can damage your home or leave you without power.  Add snow and ice to a dead limb and it can be downright dangerous.

The Forgotten Winter Preparation Steps That May Surprise You

Check your clothes dryer vents. Lint packed vents can be a fire hazard. With the newer dryers, partially blocked vents can also cause damage to the dryer.  Ask how do I know? Ooops, I forgot that one last year and it cost me a new heating element for our clothes dryer. You may want to learn from my $200.00 oversight.

The Common Winter Preparation Tips

  • Clean the leaves. This isn’t just about the gutters. Blocked gutters and downspouts can cause backups and damage to walls.

     

  • Leaves on decks, concrete and siding can cause staining and rot. Clean these up too.

     

  • Remove garden hoses. Attached hoses can burst the pipes they are connected to.

     

  • Look at the roof and flashings. If repairs are needed, do them before the roof is covered with snow

     

  • Stock up on bagged salt or sand.

 

Where to Seal and Where to Vent Your Home

There are some great ways to save energy and increase home comfort.  Plastic to cover windows, foam gaskets for exterior outlets and switches, reducing heat to unused areas of a home are all great ideas.  

There are some other commonly done items that are not so good to do. Do not block vents for the attic or crawl spaces.  This traps moisture in the home which can start the growth of mold. High moisture also reduces the insulation properties of most insulation systems. 

Energy savings where it makes sense is great.  Creating moisture and mold problems is not a good idea.

Let’s hope for a month or two of beautiful fall days before the snow flies.  There needs to be time to enjoy the trees sporting the beauty of fall colors and get the fall list done.

Posted by Dan Howard on October 12th, 2018 10:54 PM

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